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Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Afghanistan

Official English Name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Official Local Name(s): د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)

Common English Name: Afghanistan

Capital: Kabul

REGION
South Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Pakistan (East and South)
Iran (West)
Turkmenistan (Northwest)
Uzbekistan (North)
Tajikistan (North)
China (Northeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
652,230 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
5,987 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Arid to semiarid
Cold winters
Hot summers
TERRAIN
Mostly rugged mountains
Plains in the north and southwest
HIGHEST POINT
Noshak (7,485 m)
LOWEST POINT
Amu Darya (258 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural gas
Petroleum
Coal
Copper
Chromite
Talc
Barites
Sulfur
Lead
Zinc
Iron ore
Salt
Precious stones
Semiprecious stones
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Floods
Droughts
DEMONYM
Afghan
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Pashtun (40%)
Tajik (33%)
Hazara (11%)
Uzbek (9%)
Turkmen (2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Dari
Pashto
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Uzbek
Turkmen
Balochi
Pashai
Nuristani
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Sunni Muslim (87%)
Shi’a Muslim (13%)
POPULATION
33,332,025
LARGEST CITY
Kabul (3,589,000)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Qandahar (491,500)
Herat (436,300)
Mazar-e-Sharif (368,100)
Kunduz (304,600)
Taloqan (219,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Islamic Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Ashraf Ghani
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
34 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
19 August 1919 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Milli surood
GDP PER CAPITA
$1,900 (USD)
CURRENCY
? (Afghani)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ?66.06
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.af
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+93

Afghanistan’s national game is goat-grabbing, called Buzkashi, which, as the name indicates, is not for the faint at heart.

Handshakes are the general form of greeting, with men then putting their right hand over their hearts. However, men and women can never shake hands with each other, in addition to make eye contact or speak directly with one another.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html (Majority of information)

http://cso.gov.af/Content/files/Population%20of%20Kabul%20City%20by%20District%20and%20Sex.pdf (Kabul population)

http://cso.gov.af/Content/files/Kandahar(1).pdf (Qandahar population)

http://cso.gov.af/Content/files/Herat(1).pdf (Herat population)

http://cso.gov.af/Content/files/Balkh(1).pdf (Mazar-e-Sharif population)

http://cso.gov.af/Content/files/Kunduz(1).pdf (Kunduz popluation)

http://cso.gov.af/Content/files/Takhar(1).pdf (Taloqan population)

http://www.asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/Surveybook2012web1.pdf (Ethnic group data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 October 2016

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