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Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Albania

Official English Name: Republic of Albania

Official Local Name(s): Republika e Shqiperise

Common English Name: Albania

Capital: Tirana

REGION
Southeastern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Montenegro (Northwest)
Kosovo (Northeast)
Macedonia (East)
Greece (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Adriatic Sea (West)
Ionian Sea (Southwest)
TOTAL AREA
28,748 km2 (95.3% land, 4.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
691 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
362 km
CLIMATE
Mild temperate
Cool, cloudy, wet winters
Hot, clear, dry summers
TERRAIN
Mostly mountainous and hilly
Small plains along the coastline
HIGHEST POINT
Maja e Korabit (2,764 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Coal
Bauxite
Chromite
Copper
Iron ore
Nickel
Salt
Timber
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Floods
Droughts
DEMONYM
Albanian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Albanian (82.6%)
Greek (0.9%)
Romani (0.3%)
Aromanian (0.3%)
Macedonian (0.2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Albanian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Greek
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Sunni Muslim (56.7%)
Roman Catholic (10%)
Orthodox (6.8%)
Bektashi (2.1%)
Protestant (0.1%)
POPULATION
3,038,594
LARGEST CITY
Tirana (858,262)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Durrës (201,519)
Vlorë (141,513)
Elbasan (126,703)
Shkodër (102,075)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Bujar Nishani
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Edi Rama
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
12 Counties
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
28 November 1912 (from Ottoman Empire)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Double-headed eagle
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Hymni i Flamurit
GDP PER CAPITA
$11,900 (USD)
CURRENCY
Lek
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = Lek 124.50
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.al
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+355

Albanians move their heads up and down to indicate “no” and shake their head from side to side to indicate “yes”.

Mother Teresa is the only Albanian to have ever won a Nobel Prize.

Almost every region in Albania has its own traditional dress, meaning that there are over 200 total in the country.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/al.html (Majority of information)

http://www.instat.gov.al/media/177354/main_results__population_and_housing_census_2011.pdf (Population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 October 2016