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Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Algeria

Official English Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Official Local Name(s): الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية

Common English Name: Algeria

Capital: Algiers

REGION
Northern Africa (Maghreb)
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Morocco (West)
Tunisia (Northeast)
Libya (East)
Niger (Southeast)
Mali (South)
Mauritania (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Mediterranean Sea (North)
TOTAL AREA
2,381,741 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
6,734 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
998 km
CLIMATE
Arid to semiarid
Coastal regions: Mild, wet winters and hot dry summers
High plateau: Drier with cold winters and hot summers
TERRAIN
Mostly high plateau and desert
Some mountains
Narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
HIGHEST POINT
Tahat (3,003 m)
LOWEST POINT
Chott Melhrir (-40 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Iron ore
Phosphates
Lead
Zinc
Uranium
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Mudslides
Floods
DEMONYM
Algerian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Arab-Berber (68.4%)
Berber (23.8%)
Bedouin (6.3%)
Saharawi (0.5%)
Tuareg (0.4%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
French (lingua franca)
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (95.5%)
Atheist (3.5%)
Christian (1.0%)
POPULATION
40,263,711
LARGEST CITY
Algiers (2,364,230)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Oran (803,329)
Constantine (448,028)
Annaba (342,703)
Blida (331,779)
Batna (289,504)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
48 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
5 July 1962 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Star and crescent
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Kassaman
GDP PER CAPITA
$14,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
DA (Algerian Dinar)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = 110.45 DA
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.dz
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+213

Unlike most other Islamic countries, prominent women are not uncommon in Algeria and are known to hold positions of power.

French is the lingua franca of Algeria due to French colonization of Algeria between 1830 and 1962. The European immigrants in Algeria during this time were known as “pieds-noirs”, meaning “black feet” in English.

Couscous is the national dish.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html (Majority of data)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/AG (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.geohive.com/cntry/algeria.aspx (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 October 2016