argentina-flag
Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Argentina

Official English Name: Argentine Republic

Official Local Name(s): Republica Argentina

Common English Name: Argentina

Capital: Buenos Aires

REGION
Southern South America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Chile (South and West)
Bolivia (Northwest)
Paraguay (Northeast)
Brazil (East)
Uruguay (East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (East)
TOTAL AREA
2,780,400 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
11,968 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
4,989 km
CLIMATE
Mostly temperate
Arid in southeast
Subantarctic in southwest
TERRAIN
Rich plains in the north
Flat to rolling plateau in the south
Rugged mountains along western border
HIGHEST POINT
Cerro Aconcagua (6,960 m)
LOWEST POINT
Laguna del Carbon (-105 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Lead
Zinc
Tin
Copper
Iron ore
Manganese
Petroleum
Uranium
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Heavy winds
Flooding
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Argentine
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
White (97%)
Mestizo (3%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Italian
English
German
French
Quechua
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (92%)
Protestant (2%)
Jewish (2%)
POPULATION
43,886,748
LARGEST CITY
Buenos Aires (3,050,728)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Córdoba (1,372,000)
Rosario (1,242,000)
Mendoza (885,000)
San Miguel de Tucumán (789,000)
La Plata (732,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Mauricio Macri
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
23 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
9 July 1816 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Sun of May
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional Argentino
GDP PER CAPITA
$22,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Argentine Peso)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $15.17 (ARS)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ar
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+54

Buenos Aires has the second largest Jewish population in the Americas, after New York City.

Argentinians, despite being known for being blunt and straightforward, are also very tactful.

Pato, despite not being particularly popular compared to football (soccer), is the national sport of Argentina. It is a game played on horseback.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html (Majority of information)

http://www.indec.gob.ar/nivel2_default.asp?id_tema=2&seccion=P (Population of cities)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 24 October 2016