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Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Armenia

Official English Name: Republic of Armenia

Official Local Name(s): Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն

Common English Name: Armenia

Capital: Yerevan

REGION
Central Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Georgia (North)
Azerbaijan (East)
Turkey (West)
Iran (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
29,743 km2 (94.8% land, 5.2% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,570 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Highland continental
Hot summers
Cold winters
TERRAIN
Mountainous highlands
HIGHEST POINT
Aragats Lerrnagagat’ (4,090 m)
LOWEST POINT
Debed River (400 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Gold
Copper
Molybdenum
Zinc
Bauxite
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Droughts
DEMONYM
Armenian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Armenian (98.0%)
Yazidi (1.2%)
Russian (0.4%)
Assyrian (0.1%)
Kurd (0.1%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Armenian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Kurdish
Russian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Armenian Apostolic (92.6%)
Evangelical (1%)
Yazidism (0.8%)
Catholic (0.5%)
Jehovah’s Witness (0.1%)
POPULATION
3,051,250
LARGEST CITY
Yerevan (1,060,138)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Gyumri (121,976)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Serzh Sargsian
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
11 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
21 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Mount Ararat
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Mer Hayrenik
GDP PER CAPITA
$8,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
AMD (Dram)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = AMD475.26
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.am
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+374

It is highly offensive to make a fist and insert your thumb between the index and middle fingers.

Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301 CE. The most prominent sect of Christianity is the Armenian Apostolic Church.

Music is one of the most important parts of Armenian culture. The best known traditional Armenian instrument is the duduk.

Carpets from Armenia have historically been known to be of high quality.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html (Majority of information)

http://armstat.am/file/article/sv_03_13a_520.pdf (Ethnic and religious group information)

http://armstat.am/file/doc/99485583.pdf (Gyumri population)

http://www.armstat.am/file/article/nasel_01.01.2016.pdf (Yerevan population)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 25 October 2016