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Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Australia

Official English Name: Commonwealth of Australia

Common English Name: Australia

Capital: Canberra

REGION
Oceania
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (East)
Indian Ocean (West)
Tasman Sea (Southeast)
Timor Sea (North)
TOTAL AREA
7,741,220 km2 (99.2% land, 0.8% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
0 km (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
25,760 km
CLIMATE
Generally arid to semiarid
Tropical in the north
Temperate in the south and east
TERRAIN
Mostly low plateau with deserts
Fertile plains in southeast
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Kosciuszko (2,229 m)
LOWEST POINT
Lake Eyre (-15 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Bauxite
Coal
Iron ore
Copper
Tin
Gold
Silver
Uranium
Nickel
Tungsten
Rare earth elements
Mineral sands
Lead
Zinc
Diamonds
Natural gas
Petroleum
NATURAL DISASTERS
Cyclones
Severe droughts
Forest fires
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Australian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
English (36.1%)
Australian (35.4%)
Irish (10.4%)
Scottish (8.9%)
Italian (4.6%)
Note: Australia allows identifications for up two ethnicities
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
English (de facto)
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Mandarin Chinese
Italian
Arabic
Greek
Cantonese
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (25.3%)
No religion (22.3%)
Protestant (21.2%)
Anglican (17.1%)
Eastern Orthodox (2.6%)
POPULATION
22,992,654
LARGEST CITY
Sydney (4,920,970)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Melbourne (4,529,496)
Brisbane (2,308,720)
Perth (2,039,193)
Adelaide (1,316,779)
Gold Coast (624,918)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal parliamentary democracy with a Commonwealth realm
HEAD OF STATE
Queen Elizabeth II (United Kingdom)
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
6 States
2 Territories
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1 January 1901 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Southern Cross Constellation
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Advance Australia Fair
GDP PER CAPITA
$65,400 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Australian Dollar)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $1.31 (AUD)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.au
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+61

There are about 45 different Aboriginal languages native to the Australian Aboriginal people.

Per capitaAustralians spend more money on gambling than any other nation.

When greeting, give a right-handed handshake while making eye contact.

Language in Australia tends to be very “colorful” (i.e. inappropriate by other standards). Never include issues related to immigration or Aboriginal issues.

Australians do not appreciate having their accent pointed out to them.

The phrase “I’m stuffed” should not be used when dining; it translates to “I’m pregnant”.

When dining, guests are seated to the right of the host.

In a pub, each person is expected to pay for at least one round of drinks.

Gift-giving is not a large part of Australian culture, however you can offer something from your country if you wish.

In business settings, Australians are very straightforward therefore making relationships unnecessary. They are also open to ideas, creating mostly collaborative work environments.

 

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html (Majority of information)

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013 (Ethnicity data)

http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/2071.0Main%20Features902012%E2%80%932013 (Religious data)

http://abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/3218.0Main%20Features12014-15?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=3218.0&issue=2014-15&num=&view= (City population)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 25 October 2016