Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Belgium

Official English Name: Kingdom of Belgium

Official Local Name(s): Royaume de Belgique (French), Koninkrijk België (Dutch), Königreich Belgien (German)

Common English Name: Belgium

Capital: Brussels

REGION
Western Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Netherlands (North)
Germany (East)
Luxembourg (Southeast)
France (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
North Sea (Northwest)
TOTAL AREA
30,528 km2 (99.2% land, 0.8% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,297 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
66.5 km
CLIMATE
Temperate
TERRAIN
Flat coastal plains in the northwest
Rolling hills in the middle
Rugged mountains in the south
HIGHEST POINT
Botrange (694 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Construction materials
Silica sand
Carbonates
NATURAL DISASTERS
Flooding
DEMONYM
Belgian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Flemish (53.6%)
Walloon (36.4%)
Italian (1.6%)
French (1.2%)
Dutch (1.2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Dutch
French
German
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (60%)
Non-religious (31.0%)
Muslim (4.0%)
Protestant (2.0%)
Jewish (1.0%)
POPULATION
11,409,077
LARGEST CITY
Brussels (1,187,190)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Antwerp (517,042)
Ghent (257,029)
Charleroi (202,182)
Liège (196,970)
Brugge (118,053)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
King Philippe
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Charles Michel
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
3 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
4 October 1830 (from the Netherlands)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
La Brabanconne
GDP PER CAPITA
$43,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.92
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.be
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+32

The average Belgian consumers about 150 liters of beer per year.

Although German is an official language, less than one percent of the population considers it their native tongue.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/be.html (Majority of information)

https://www.britannica.com/place/Belgium/Ethnic-groups-and-languages (Ethnic and religious data)

http://statbel.fgov.be/fr/binaries/2_Population_de_droit_au_1_janvier%2C_par_commune%2C_par_sexe_2011_2016_tcm326-194205.xls (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 27 October 2016