Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Brazil

Official English Name: Federative Republic of Brazil

Official Local Name(s): República Federativa do Brasil

Common English Name: Brazil

Capital: Brasilia

REGION
Eastern South America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
French Guyana (North)
Suriname (North)
Guyana (North)
Venezuela (North)
Colombia (Northwest)
Peru (West)
Bolivia (West)
Paraguay (Southwest)
Argentina (Southwest)
Uruguay (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (East)
TOTAL AREA
8,514,877 km2 (99.3% land, 0.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
16,149 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
7,491 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
Temperate in south
TERRAIN
Flat to rolling lowlands in the north
Plains
Hills
Mountains
Narrow coastal belt
HIGHEST POINT
Pico da Neblina (2,994 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Bauxite
Gold
Iron ore
Manganese
Nickel
Phosphates
Platinum
Tin
Rare earth elements
Uranium
Petroleum
Hydropower
Timber
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Floods
Frost
DEMONYM
Brazilian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
White (47.7%)
Mulatto (43.1%)
Black (7.6%)
Asian (1.1%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Portuguese
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
German
English
Italian
Japanese
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (64.6%)
Protestant (22.2%)
Spiritist (2.2%)
POPULATION
205,823,665
LARGEST CITY
São Paulo (11,895,893)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Rio de Janeiro (6,453,682)
Salvador (2,902,927)
Brasilia (2,852,372)
Fortaleza (2,571,896)
Belo Horizonte (2,491,109)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Michel Temer
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
26 States
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
7 September 1822 (from Portugal)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Southern Cross Constellation
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Hino Nacional Brasileiro
GDP PER CAPITA
$15,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
R$ (Real)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = R$3.20
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.br
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+55

Interruption during a conversation is not perceived as rude and is fairly normal.

As with many other South American cultures, light touching is very common and is not perceived as inappropriate.

Brazilians prefer to be fashionably late, so if you are invited somewhere while in Brazil, show up about one hour after the time they tell you to arrive.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html (Majority of information)

ftp://ftp.ibge.gov.br/Estimativas_de_Populacao/Estimativas_2014/estimativa_dou_2014.pdf (City population)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 28 October 2016