Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Cameroon

Official English Name: Republic of Cameroon

Official Local Name(s): République du Cameroon (French)

Common English Name: Cameroon

Capital: Yaoundé

REGION
Central Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Nigeria (Northwest)
Chad (Northeast)
Central African Republic (East)
Republic of the Congo (Southeast)
Gabon (South)
Equatorial Guinea (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (Southwest)
TOTAL AREA
75,440 km2 (99.4% land, 0.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
5,018 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
402 km
CLIMATE
Tropical along coast
Semiarid and hot in the north
TERRAIN
Coastal plain in southwest
Plateau in the middle
Western mountains
Northern plains
HIGHEST POINT
Fako (4,095 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Bauxite
Iron ore
Timber
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Cameroonian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Highlanders (31%)
Equatorial Bantu (19%)
Kirdi (11%)
Furdu (10%)
Northwestern Bantu (8%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
English
French
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (32.4%)
Protestant (30.3%)
Muslim (20%)
Other Christian (6%)
Indigenous beliefs (6%)
POPULATION
24,360,803
LARGEST CITY
Douala (2,768,436)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Yaoundé (2,765,568)
Garoua (546,060)
Bamenda (515,593)
Maroua (415,251)
Bafoussam (365,017)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Paul Biya
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Philemon Yang
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
10 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1 January 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
O Cameroon, Burceau de nos Ancêtres
GDP PER CAPITA
$3,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
FCFA (Central African Franc)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = FCFA597.16
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.cm
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+237

There are between 250-300 distinct recognized ethnic groups within Cameroon’s borders.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cm.html (Majority of information)

http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/cameroon-population/ (Religious data)

https://www.populationdata.net/pays/cameroun/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 October 2016