Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Canada

Common English Name: Canada

Capital: Ottawa

REGION
Northern North America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
United States of America (South and Northwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (East)
Pacific Ocean (West)
Arctic Ocean (North)
TOTAL AREA
9,984,670 km2 (91.1% land, 8.9% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
891,163 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
202,080 km
CLIMATE
Temperate in south
Subarctic and arctic in the north
TERRAIN
Mostly plains
Western mountains
Lowlands in the southeast
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Logan (5,959 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Iron ore
Nickel
Zinc
Copper
Gold
Lead
Rare earth elements
Molybdenum
Potash
Diamonds
Silver
Fish
Timber
Wildlife
Coal
Petroleum
Natural gas
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Permafrost
Cyclonic mountain storms
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Canadian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
White (76.7%)
South Asian (4.8%)
Chinese (4%)
Black (2.9%)
First Nation (2.6%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
English
French
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Punjabi
Italian
Spanish
German
Cantonese
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Catholic (39%)
Protestant (20.3%)
Other Christian (6%)
Muslim (3.2%)
Hindu (1.5%)
POPULATION
35,362,905
LARGEST CITY
Toronto (2,615,060)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Montréal (1,649,519)
Calgary (1,096,833)
Ottawa (883,391)
Edmonton (812,201)
Mississauga (713,443)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary democracy, federation, and constitutional monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
Queen Elizabeth II (United Kingdom)
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
10 Provinces
3 Territories
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1 July 1867 (from Great Britain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Maple leaf
NATIONAL ANTHEM
O Canada
GDP PER CAPITA
$45,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Canadian Dollar)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $1.34 (CAD)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ca
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+1

Humor in Canada is usually very self-depracating.

Canadians are known for their generally relaxed dispositions.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html (Majority of information)

http://bit.ly/1KcBal5 (Ethnic group data)

http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/hlt-fst/pd-pl/Table-Tableau.cfm?LANG=Eng&T=301&S=3&O=D (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 October 2016