Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Chad

Official English Name: Republic of Chad

Official Local Name(s): جمهورية تشاد (Arabic), République du Tchad (French)

Common English Name: Chad

Capital: N’Djamena

REGION
Central Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Libya (North)
Niger (West)
Nigeria (West)
Cameroon (Southwest)
Central African Republic (North)
Sudan (East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
1,284,000 km2 (98.1% land, 1.9% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
6,406 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Tropical in south
Desert in north
TERRAIN
Broad, arid plains in center
Desert in north
Mountains in northwest
Lowlands in south
HIGHEST POINT
Emi Koussi (3,415 m)
LOWEST POINT
Djourab (160 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Uranium
Natron
Kaolin
Fish
Gold
Limestone
Sand
Gravel
Salt
NATURAL DISASTERS
Winds
Droughts
Plagues
DEMONYM
Chadian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Sara (25.9%)
Arab (12.6%)
Kanem-Bornou (8.3%)
Ouaddai (7%)
Gorane (6.8%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
French
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Sara (official in south)
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (58.4%)
Catholic (18.5%)
Protestant (16.1%)
Animist (4%)
None (2.4%)
POPULATION
11,852,462
LARGEST CITY
N’Djamena (1,605,696)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Moundou (137,929)
Sarh (103,269)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Idriss Déby
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Albert Pahimi Padacké
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
23 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
11 August 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Goat
NATIONAL ANTHEM
La Tchadienne
GDP PER CAPITA
$2,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
FCFA (Central African Franc)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = CFA597.16
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.td
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+235

Millet is a staple ingredient in the cuisine, used in both food and drinks, including millet beer.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ct.html (Majority of information)

http://archive.is/uJ398 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 October 2016