Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Chile

Official English Name: Republic of Chile

Official Local Name(s): República de Chile

Common English Name: Chile

Capital: Santiago

REGION
Western South America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Peru (North)
Bolivia (Northeast)
Argentina (East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (East and South)
Pacific Ocean (West and South)
TOTAL AREA
756,102 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
7,801 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
6,435 km
CLIMATE
Temperate
Desert in north
Mediterranean in central region
Cool and damp in south
TERRAIN
Low coastal mountains
Fertile central valley
Mountains in the east
HIGHEST POINT
Nevado Ojos del Salado (6,880 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Copper
Timber
Iron ore
Nitrates
Precious metals
Molybdenum
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Volcanoes
Tsunamis
DEMONYM
Chilean
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
White and non-indegenous (88.9%)
Mapuche (9.1%)
Aymara (0.7%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (66.7%)
Protestant or Evangelical (16.4%)
None (11.5%)
Jehovah’s Witness (1%)
POPULATION
17,650,114
LARGEST CITY
Santiago (6,158,080)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Puente Alto (573,935)
Maipú (525,229)
Antofagasta (380,695)
La Florida (363,903)
Viña del Mar (324,836)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Michelle Bachelet
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
15 States
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
18 September 1810 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Huemul
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional de Chile
GDP PER CAPITA
$23,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Chilean Peso)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $651.30 (CLP)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.cl
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+56

Chilean cuisine is varied because of its long coastline and therefore a variety of ingredients arise that can be used in cooking.

Being fashionably late to an event is not rude and is often expected.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html (Majority of information)

http://www.cooperativa.cl/noticias/site/artic/20120831/asocfile/20120831161553/resultados_preliminares_censo_2012.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 October 2016