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Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

China

Official English Name: People’s Republic of China

Official Local Name(s): 中华人民共和国

Common English Name: China

Capital: Beijing

REGION
Eastern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Russia (Northeast and Northwest)
North Korea (Northeast)
Mongolia (North)
Kazakhstan (Northwest)
Kyrgyzstan (West)
Tajikistan (West)
Afghanistan (Southwest)
Pakistan (Southwest)
India (South)
Nepal (South)
Bhutan (South)
Myanmar (South)
Laos (Southeast)
Vietnam (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Yellow Sea (East)
South China Sea (Southeast)
East China Sea (East)
Pacific Ocean (East)
TOTAL AREA
9,596,960 km2 (97.2% land, 2.8% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
22,457 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
14,500 km
CLIMATE
Tropical in south
Subarctic in north
TERRAIN
Mountains, plateaus, and desert in the west
Plains, deltas, and hills in the east
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Everest (8,850 m)
LOWEST POINT
Turpan Pendi (-154 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Iron ore
Petroleum
Natural gas
Mercury
Tin
Tungsten
Antimony
Manganese
Molybdenum
Vanadium
Magnetite
Aluminum
Lead
Zinc
Rare earth elements
Uranium
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Typhoons
Floods
Tsunamis
Earthquakes
Droughts
DEMONYM
Chinese
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Han Chinese (91.65%)
Zhuang (1.27%)
Hui (0.79%)
Manchu (0.78%)
Uyghur (0.76%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Mandarin
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Yue
Wu
Minbei
Minan
Xiang
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Unaffiliated (52.2%)
Folk religion (21.9%)
Buddhist (18.2%)
Christian (5.1%)
Muslim (1.8%)
POPULATION
1,373,541,278
LARGEST CITY
Shanghai (20,217,700)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Beijing (16,446,900)
Chongqing (11,871,200)
Guangzhou (10,641,400)
Shenzhen (10,358,400)
Tianjin (9,562,300)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Communist state
HEAD OF STATE
President Xi Jinping
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Premier Li Keqiang
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
23 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1 October 1949 (Establishment of People’s Republic)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Dragon
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Yiyongjun Jinxingqu
GDP PER CAPITA
$14,300 (USD)
CURRENCY
¥ (Yuan)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ¥6.74
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.cn
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+86

When using chopsticks, avoid holding them in a way that points your index or middle finger at somebody.

During their free time, the most Chinese enjoy playing Mahjong.

Greetings occur with a nod and smile.

In conversation, do not be too animated and avoid using hand gestures.

During mealtime, slurping and belching are acceptable as it shows that you are enjoying your meal. Never take the last bit of anything unless the host offers it to you.

Gift-giving is prominent but also very precise. They are always presented with two hands. Acceptable gifts include anything from your country, and unacceptable gifts include flowers (which are common in funerals), clocks, or anything sharp. Gifts should never be wrapped in black, blue, or white.

During business negotiations, understand that the Chinese have a very difficult time saying no, and that mobile phones will constantly be ringing. In addition, never show them that you are anxious, upset, or impatient.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html (Majority of information)

http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/Statisticaldata/CensusData/rkpc2010/indexch.htm (Ethnicity and city population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 October 2016