Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Colombia

Official English Name: Republic of Colombia

Official Local Name(s): República de Colombia

Common English Name: Colombia

Capital: Bogotá

REGION
Northern South America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Panama (Northwest)
Venezuela (Northeast)
Brazil (Southeast)
Peru (South)
Ecuador (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (West)
Caribbean Sea (North)
TOTAL AREA
1,138,910 km2 (91.2% land, 8.8% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
6,672 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
3,208 km
CLIMATE
Tropical in coastal areas and east
Cooler in highlands
TERRAIN
Flat coastal lowlands
Central highlands
Mountains in south
Eastern plains
HIGHEST POINT
Pico Cristobal Colon and Pico Simón Bolivar (5,775 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Coal
Iron ore
Nickel
Gold
Copper
Emeralds
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Volcanic activity
Earthquakes
Droughts
DEMONYM
Colombian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Mestizo and white (84.2%)
Afro-Colombian (10.4%)
Amerindian (3.4%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (90%)
POPULATION
47,220,856
LARGEST CITY
Bogotá (7,674,366)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Medellin (2,214,494)
Cali (2,119,908)
Barranquilla (1,146,359)
Cartagena (892,545)
Cucuta (587,676)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Juan Manuel Santos
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
32 Departments
1 Capital district
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
20 July 1810 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Andean condor
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia
GDP PER CAPITA
$13,800 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Colombian Peso)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $2988.11 (COP)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.co
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+57

Family is very important in Colombian culture, as children rarely move far away from their family.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html (Majority of information)

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anexo:Municipios_de_Colombia_por_poblaci%C3%B3n#cite_note-ref_duplicada_Censo2005-1 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 October 2016