Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Costa Rica

Official English Name: Republic of Costa Rica

Official Local Name(s): República de Costa Rica

Common English Name: Costa Rica

Capital: San José

REGION
Central America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Nicaragua (North)
Panama (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Caribbean Sea (East)
Pacific Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
51,100 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
661 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
1,290 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
Subtropical
TERRAIN
Coastal plains separated by rugged mountains
Volcanoes
HIGHEST POINT
Cerro Chirripo (5,110 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Hurricanes
Flooding
Landslides
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Costa Rican
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
White or mestizo (83.6%)
Mulatto (6.7%)
Indigenous (2.4%)
Black (1.1%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (76.3%)
Evangelical (13.7%)
Jehovah’s Witness (1.3%)
POPULATION
4,872,543
LARGEST CITY
San José (288,054)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Alajuela (254,886)
Desamparados (208,411)
San Carlos (163,745)
Cartago (147,898)
Pérez Zeledón (134,534)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Democratic Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Luis Guillermo Solís
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
7 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
15 September 1821 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Yiguirro
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional de Costa Rica
GDP PER CAPITA
$15,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
₡ (Colon)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ₡552.50
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.cr
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+506

Confrontation is generally looked down upon in Costa Rica, as most Costa Ricans go out of their way to show courtesy.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cs.html (Majority of information)

http://www.inec.go.cr/censos/censos-2011 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 October 2016