Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Cyprus

Official English Name: Republic of the Cyprus

Official Local Name(s): Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Greek), Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)

Common English Name: Cyprus

Capital: Nicosia

REGION
Middle East/Southeastern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Mediterranean Sea (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
9,251 km2 (99.9% land, 0.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
0 km (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
735 km
CLIMATE
Temperate, Mediterranean
TERRAIN
Central plains
Northern and southern mountains
Plains along southern coast
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Olympus (1,951 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Copper
Pyrites
Asbestos
Gypsum
Timber
Salt
Marble
Clay earth pigment
DEMONYM
Cypriot
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Greek (98.8%)
Other (1.2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Greek
Turkish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
Romanian
Russian
Bulgarian
Arabic
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Orthodox Christian (89.1%)
Roman Catholic (2.9%)
Protestant/Anglican (2%)
Muslim (1.8%)
Buddhist (1%)
POPULATION
1,205,575
LARGEST CITY
Nicosia (200,452)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Lemesos (154,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Presidential democracy
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Nicos Anastasiades
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
6 Districts
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
16 August 1960 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Cypriot mouflon
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Ymnos eis tin Eleftherian
GDP PER CAPITA
$33,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.91
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.cy
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+357

Turkey lays claim to part of Cyprus. However, this is not recognized by any other entity other than Turkey.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cy.html (Majority of information)

http://www.cystat.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/populationcondition_22main_en/populationcondition_22main_en?OpenForm&sub=2&sel=2 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 31 October 2016