Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Ecuador

Official English Name: Republic of Ecuador

Official Local Name(s): República del Ecuador

Common English Name: Ecuador

Capital: Quito

REGION
Western South America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Colombia (Northeast)
Peru (South and East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
283,561 km2 (97.6% land, 2.4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
2,237 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,237 km
CLIMATE
Tropical along coast
Eastern jungles
Coler in the middle
TERRAIN
Coastal plain
Inland highlands
Flat jungles in the east
HIGHEST POINT
Chimborazo (6,267 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Fish
Timber
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Floods
Volcanic activity
Earthquakes
Landslides
DEMONYM
Ecuadorian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Mestizo (71.9%)
Montubio (7.4%)
Amerindian (7%)
White (6.1%)
Afroecuadorian (4.3%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Quechua
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (74%)
Evangelical (10.4%)
Jehovah’s Witness (1.2%)
POPULATION
16,080,778
LARGEST CITY
Guayaquil (2,278,691)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Quito (1,607,734)
Cuenca (329,928)
Santo Domingo (270,875)
Machala (231,260)
Durán (230,839)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Rafael Correa
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
24 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
24 May 1822 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Andean Condor
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Salve, Oh Patria!
GDP PER CAPITA
$11,300 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (United States Dollar)
EXCHANGE RATE
Ecuador uses the United States dollar as its official currency
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ec
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+593

The Panama hat is actually of Ecuadorian origin.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html (Majority of information)

http://www.eluniverso.com/2011/09/02/1/1356/poblacion-pais-joven-mestiza-dice-censo-inec.html (Ethnic group data)

http://www.inec.gob.ec/cpv/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 3 November 2016