Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

El Salvador

Official English Name: Republic of El Salvador

Official Local Name(s): República El Salvador

Common English Name: El Salvador

Capital: San Salvador

REGION
Central America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Guatemala (Northwest)
Honduras (Northeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (South)
TOTAL AREA
21,041 km2 (98.5% land, 1.5% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
590 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
307 km
CLIMATE
Tropical on coast
Temperate inland
TERRAIN
Mountainous
Coastal plain
Central plateau
HIGHEST POINT
Cerro El Pital (2,730 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Hydropower
Geothermal power
Petroleum
Arable land
NATURAL DISASTERS
Volcanoes
Earthquakes
Hurricanes
DEMONYM
El Salvadorian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Mestizo (86.3%)
White (12.7%)
Amerindian (1%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Nahua
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (57.1%)
Protestant (21.2%)
None (16.8%)
Jehovah’s Witness (1.9%)
Mormon (0.7%)
POPULATION
6,156,670
LARGEST CITY
Soyapango (282,000)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
San Salvador (248,000)
Santa Ana (225,600)
San Miguel (189,500)
Apopa (180,500)
Mejicanos (145,800)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Salvador Sánchez Cerén
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
14 Departments
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
15 September 1821 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Turquoise-browed motmot
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional de El Salvador
GDP PER CAPITA
$8,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (United States Dollar)
EXCHANGE RATE
Note: El Salvador uses the United States dollar as its official currency.
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.sv
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+503

Most Salvadoran dishes, consistent with other countries in the region, are based off maize.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html (Majority of information)

https://www.citypopulation.de/ElSalvador-Cities.html (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 3 November 2016