Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Ethiopia

Official English Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Official Local Name(s): የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ

Common English Name: Ethiopia

Capital: Addis Ababa

REGION
Eastern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Somalia (East)
Eritrea (North)
Djibouti (Northeast)
Sudan (Northwest)
South Sudan (West)
Kenya (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
1,104,300 km2 (90.6% land, 9.4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
5,925 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Varied monsoon
TERRAIN
High plateau
Central mountains
Valley
HIGHEST POINT
Ras Dejen (4,533 m)
LOWEST POINT
Danakil Depression (-125 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Platinum
Copper
Potash
Natural gas
Hydropower
Gold
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Ethiopian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Oromo (34.4%)
Amhara (27%)
Somali (6.2%)
Tigray (6.1%)
Sidama (4%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Amharic
Oromo
Somali
Tigrinya
Afar
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
Arabic
Sidamo
Wolaytta
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Ethiopian Orthodox (43.5%)
Muslim (33.9%)
Protestant (18.5%)
Traditional (2.7%)
Catholic (0.7%)
POPULATION
102,374,044
LARGEST CITY
Addis Ababa (3,352,000)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Adama(342,940)
Gondar (341,991)
Mek’ele (340,858)
Hawassa (318,618)
Bahir Dar (297,794)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Mulatu Teshome Wirtu
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
9 States
2 Self-governing administrations
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
First century BCE (formation of Aksumite Kingdom, oldest independent nation in Africa)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Abyssinian lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Whedefit Gesgeshi Woud Enat Ethiopia
GDP PER CAPITA
$1,800 (USD)
CURRENCY
Br (Birr)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = Br22.26
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.et
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+251

There are a total of 90 different languages spoken within the country.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html (Majority of information)

http://www.csa.gov.et/images/documents/pdf_files/nationalstatisticsabstract/2006/total.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 1 November 2016