Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Finland

Official English Name: Republic of Finland

Official Local Name(s): Suomen tasavalta (Finnish), Republiken Finland (Swedish)

Common English Name: Finland

Capital: Helsinki

REGION
Northern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Russia (East)
Sweden (West)
Norway (North)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Gulf of Bothnia (West)
Baltic Sea (Southwest)
Gulf of Finland (South)
TOTAL AREA
338,145 km2 (89.8% land, 10.2% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
2,563 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
1,250 km
CLIMATE
Cold temperate
TERRAIN
Flat to rolling plains
Low hills and lakes
HIGHEST POINT
Halti (1,328 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Timber
Iron ore
Copper
Lead
Zinc
Chromite
Nickel
Gold
Silver
Limestone
DEMONYM
Finn
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Finnish (93.81%)
Estonian (0.86%)
Somali (0.32%)
Iraqi (0.25%)
Chinese (0.19%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Finnish
Swedish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Sami
Russian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Lutheran (72.98%)
Atheist (24.35%)
Greek Orthodox (1.12%)
Jehovah’s Witness (0.33%)
Muslim (0.24%)
POPULATION
5,498,211
LARGEST CITY
Helsinki (634,509)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Espoo (273,216)
Tampere (227,832)
Vantaa (218,170)
Oulu (200,117)
Turku (187,391)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Sauli Niinistö
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Juha Sipilä
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
19 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
6 December 1917 (from Russia)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Maamme
GDP PER CAPITA
$41,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.90
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.fi
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+358

School is very informal in Finland, as the students can call the teachers by their first names and recess is allowed even throughout secondary education.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fi.html (Majority of information)

http://bit.ly/2fDzY6F (Ethnic data)

http://bit.ly/2e9ClgE (Lignustic data)

http://bit.ly/2e9Dtkk (Religious data)

http://bit.ly/2fktSnY (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 4 November 2016

1 Finland does not collect data on ethnic groups, background and origin data was used for this. Of those with a Finnish background, approximately 5% are Finnish Swedes who speak Swedish as their first language.