Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

France

Official English Name: French Republic

Official Local Name(s): République française

Common English Name: France

Capital: Paris

REGION
Mainland France
Western Europe
French Guiana
Northern South America
Guadeloupe
Caribbean
Martinique
Caribbean
Mayotte
Southern Indian Ocean
Réunion
Southern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Mainland France
Belgium (North)
Luxembourg (Northeast)
Germany (East)
Switzerland (East)
Italy (Southeast)
Monaco (Southeast)
Spain (Southwest)
Andorra (Southwest)
French Guiana
Suriname (West)
Brazil (South and East)
Guadeloupe
None (Island)
Martinique
None (Island)
Mayotte
None (Island)
Réunion
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Mainland France
Atlantic Ocean (West)
English Channel (Northwest)
Mediterranean Sea (Southeast)
French Guiana
Atlantic Ocean (North)
Guadeloupe
Caribbean Sea (West)
Atlantic Ocean (East)
Martinique
Caribbean Sea (West)
Atlantic Ocean (East)
Mayotte
Indian Ocean (Surrounded)
Réunion
Indian Ocean (Surrounded)
TOTAL AREA
643,801 km2 (99.5% land, 0.5% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,956 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
4,853 km
CLIMATE
Mainland France
Mediterranean climate in south
Temperate climate toward the north
French Guiana
Tropical
Guadeloupe
Subtropical
Martinique
Subtropical
Mayotte
Tropical marine
Réunion
Tropical
TERRAIN
Mainland France
Flat plains
Rolling hills to the north and west
Mountainous
French Guiana
Coastal plains with hills and mountains
Guadeloupe
Volcanic islands
Martinique
Mountainous
Mayotte
Generally smooth terrain with ancient volcanic peaks
Réunion
Rugged and mountainous with coastal fertile lowlands
HIGHEST POINT
Mont Blanc (4,807 m)
LOWEST POINT
Rhone River Delta (-2 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Iron ore
Bauxite
Zinc
Uranium
Antimony
Arsenic
Potash
Feldspar
Fluorspar
Gypsum
Timber
Fish
Gold
Petroleum
Kaolin
Niobium
Tantalum
Clay
NATURAL DISASTERS
Floods
Avalanches
Cold windstorms
Droughts
Forest fires
Hurricanes
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
French
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
French (89.40%)
North African (5.23%)
Black (2.94%)
Asian (1.22%)
Turkish (0.71%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
French
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Creole
Mahorian
Basque
Arabic
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS1
Roman Catholic (56%)
Atheist (32%)
Muslim (8%)
Jewish (0.8%)
Buddhist (0.6%)
POPULATION
66,836,154
LARGEST CITY
Paris (2,229,621)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Marseille (855,393)
Lyon (500,715)
Toulouse (458,298)
Nice (342,295)
Nantes (292,718)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President François Hollande
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Manuel Valls
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
27 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
4 October 1958 (Establishment of Fifth French Republic)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Fleur-de-lis
NATIONAL ANTHEM
La Marseillaise
GDP PER CAPITA
$41,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.90
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
fr
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+33

When greeting each other, people usually perform what the locals call “se faire la bise”, which means that they kiss each other on the cheek.

When visiting somebody’s house, the guests usually bring along a bottle of wine along with either bread, flowers, chocolates, or deserts.

Food varies by region, and most people in France enjoy cooking, as it is very important to them.

Hosts offer their guests “l’apératif”, which consists of pre-dinner drinks with salty foods such as chips or peanuts. People use this time to discuss what has been happening in their lives.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html (Majority of information)

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/frances-crisis-of-national-identity-1826942.html (Ethnic data)

http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/tableau.asp?reg_id=0&ref_id=NATTEF02131 (Ethnic data)

http://countrydigest.org/france-population/#Ethnic_groups_in_France (Ethnic and religious data)

http://bit.ly/2e9Dtkk (Religious group data)

http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/default.asp (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 4 November 2016

1 It is illegal in France to collect data on ethnicity and religion, so these numbers are estimates, the most recent of which occurred in 2010.