Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Gabon

Official English Name: Gabonese Republic

Official Local Name(s): République gabonaise

Common English Name: Gabon

Capital: Libreville

REGION
Central Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Equatorial Guinea (North)
Republic of the Congo (South and East)
Cameroon (North)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
267,667 km2 (96.3% land, 3.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,261 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
885 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
TERRAIN
Narrow coastal plain
Hilly interior
Savannas
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Iboundji (1,575 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Diamond
Niobium
Manganese
Uranium
Gold
Timber
Iron ore
Hydropower
DEMONYM
Gabonese
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Fang (34.39%)
Punu (10.09%)
Nzebi (8.78%)
Mbede (7.11%)
Kota (3.70%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
French
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Fang
Myene
Nzebi
Bapounou
Bandjabi
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (41.9%)
Other Christian (32.4%)
Protestant (13.7%)
Islam (6.4%)
None/No Answer (5.0%)
POPULATION
1,738,541
LARGEST CITY
Libreville (703,904)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Port-Gentil (136,462)
Franceville (110,568)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Ali Bongo Ondimba
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
9 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
17 August 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Black panther
NATIONAL ANTHEM
La Concorde
GDP PER CAPITA
$18,700 (USD)
CURRENCY
FCFA (Central African Franc)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = FCFA588.94
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ga
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+241

Folklore is an important part of Gabonese cultures. Orators are prominent throughout the different ethnic groups, such as the Mvett of the Fang and Ingwala of the Nzebi.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gb.html (Majority of information)

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/frances-crisis-of-national-identity-1826942.html (Ethnic data)

http://www.geohive.com/cntry/gabon.aspx (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 4 November 2016