Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Guatemala

Official English Name: Republic of Guatemala

Official Local Name(s): República de Guatemala

Common English Name: Guatemala

Capital: Guatemala City

REGION
Central America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Mexico (West and North)
Belize (East)
Honduras (Southeast)
El Salvador (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (West)
Gulf of Honduras (East)
TOTAL AREA
108,889 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,667 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
400 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
TERRAIN
Mostly mountainous
Coastal plains
Plateau
HIGHEST POINT
Volcan Tajumulco (4,211 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Nickel
Rare woods
Fish
Chicle
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Hurricanes
Tropical storms
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Guatemalan
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Mestizo (41.0%)
Amerindian (38.9%)
White (18.5%)
Black (1.0%)
Asian (0.6%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Quiche
Cakchiquel
Kekchi
Mam
Garifuna
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (47%)
Evangelical (40%)
Atheist (9%)
Others (3%)
POPULATION
15,189,958
LARGEST CITY
Guatemala City (994,000)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Villa Nueva (489,080)
Mixco (474,400)
Petapa (181,200)
Quetzaltenango (153,200)
San Juan Sacatepéquez (129,600)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional Democratic Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Jimmy Morales
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
22 Departments
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
15 September 1821 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Quetzal
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional de Guatemala
GDP PER CAPITA
$7,800 (USD)
CURRENCY
Q (Quetzal)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = Q7.50
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.gt
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+502

Textiles in Guatemala are known for their bright colors and vibrant designs.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gt.html (Majority of information)

https://www.ine.gob.gt/sistema/uploads/2014/02/26/5eTCcFlHErnaNVeUmm3iabXHaKgXtw0C.pdf (Ethnic data)

https://www.liportal.de/fileadmin/user_upload/oeffentlich/Honduras/40_gesellschaft/LAS_RELIGIONES_EN_TIEMPOS_DEL_PAPA_FRANCISCO.pdf (Religious data)

https://www.ine.gob.gt/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 5 November 2016