Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Iceland

Official English Name: Republic of Iceland

Official Local Name(s): Lýðveldið Ísland

Common English Name: Iceland

Capital: Reykjavík

REGION
Northern Europe (Scandinavia)
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (Surrounded)
TOTAL AREA
103,000 km2 (97.3% land, 2.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
0 km (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
4,970 km
CLIMATE
Temperate
TERRAIN
Plateau
Mountain peaks
Ice fields
Fjords and bays on the coast
HIGHEST POINT
Hvannadalshnúkur (2,110 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Fish
Hydropower
Geothermal power
Diatomite
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Icelandic
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Icelandic (92.04%)
Polish (3.63%)
Lithuanian (0.55%)
German (0.31%)
Danish (0.26%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Icelandic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
Swedish
Norwegian
Danish
German
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (71.55%)
Atheist (5.77%)
Roman Catholic (3.73%)
Reykjavík Free Church (2.87%)
Hafnarfjörður Free Church (1.95%)
POPULATION
335,878
LARGEST CITY
Reykjavík (121,486)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
8 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
17 June 1944 (from Denmark)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Gyrfalcon
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Lofsöngur
GDP PER CAPITA
$45,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
kr (Krona)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = 110.94kr
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.is
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+354

Naming newborns in Iceland follows a certain set of laws; the government has a set list of names from which the names must be selected. No other names may be used.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic.html (Majority of information)

http://bit.ly/2eS0jJF (Ethnic data)

http://bit.ly/2fzBYvy (Religious data)

http://bit.ly/2eAQgYm (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 8 November 2016