Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

India

Official English Name: Republic of India

Official Local Name(s): भारत गणराज्य

Note: 21 other official local names exist; Hindi is considered a national language

Common English Name: India

Capital: New Delhi

REGION
Southern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Pakistan (Northwest)
China (Northeast)
Nepal (North)
Bhutan (North)
Myanmar (East)
Bangladesh (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Arabian Sea (West)
Bay of Bengal (East)
Indian Ocean (South)
TOTAL AREA
3,287,263 km2 (90.4% land, 9.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
13,888 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
7,000 km
CLIMATE
Temperate in the north
Tropical monsoon in the south
TERRAIN
Plateau in the south
Flat to rolling plains in the north
Western deserts
Mountains to the north and east
HIGHEST POINT
Kanchenjunga (8,598 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Iron ore
Manganese
Mica
Bauxite
Rare earth elements
Titanium ore
Chromite
Natural gas
Diamonds
Petroleum
Limestone
Arable land
NATURAL DISASTERS
Flooding
Droughts
Severe thunderstorms
Earthquakes
DEMONYM
Indian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Indo-Aryan (72%)
Dravidian (25%)
Mongoloid/Other (3%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
English
Hindi
Bengali
Telugu
Marathi
Tamil
Urdu
Gujarati
Malayalam
Kannada
Oriya
Punjabi
Assamese
Kashmiri
Sindhi
Sanskrit
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Maithili
Konkani
Tulu
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Hindu (79.8%)
Muslim (14.2%)
Christian (2.3%)
Other/Unspecified (2.0%)
Sikh (1.7%)
POPULATION
1,266,883,598
LARGEST CITY
Mumbai (12,442,373)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
New Delhi (11,034,555)
Bengaluru (8,443,675)
Chennai (7,088,000)
Hyderabad (6,731,790)
Ahmedabad (5,577,940)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Pranab Mukherjee
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
29 States
7 Union territories
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
15 August 1947 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion Capital of Ashoka
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Jana Gana Mana
GDP PER CAPITA
$6,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
₹ (Rupee)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ₹66.33
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.in
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+91

When entering somebody’s house in India, it is imperative that you remove all footwear.

Using your left hand, especially when eating, is frowned upon, as it is custom to use your left hand when completing sanitary tasks.

To greet or welcome somebody, clasp the palms of both hands together.

Unless the person explicitly shakes their head in disagreement or adamantly replies negatively with some sort of head movement, assume all other head movements to mean that the person is following or agreeing with what you are saying, as many of these head movements can be very ambiguous to the outsider.

Gifts are not expected until a relationship develops. Acceptable gifts include chocolates, flowers that are not white, and items from your home country.

Never refuse food but do not feel obliged to finish your plate. If absolutely necessary, ask for smaller portions.

When you negotiate, start with small talk first. Negotiations tend to be slow and done by the most senior person. Expect a lot of uncertainty while negotiating.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/in.html (Majority of information)

http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 8 November 2016

1India’s census does not take into account ethnicity. The numbers listed are approximations from 2000.