Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Iran

Official English Name: Islamic Republic of Iran

Official Local Name(s): جمهوری اسلامی ایران

Common English Name: Iran

Capital: Tehran

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Turkmenistan (North)
Afghanistan (East)
Pakistan (Southeast)
Iraq (West)
Turkey (Northwest)
Armenia (Northwest)
Azerbaijan (Northwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Persian Gulf (South)
Gulf of Oman (Southeast)
Caspian Sea (North)
TOTAL AREA
1,648,195 km2 (92.9% land, 7.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
5,894 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,440 km
CLIMATE
Arid or semiarid
Subtropical along coast
TERRAIN
Rugged, mountainous rim
Central basin containing deserts and mountains
Some plains
HIGHEST POINT
Kuh-e Damavand (5,671 m)
LOWEST POINT
Caspian Sea (-28 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Coal
Chromium
Copper
Iron ore
Lead
Manganese
Zinc
Sulfur
NATURAL DISASTERS
Floods
Droughts
Earthquakes
Dust storms
Sandstorms
DEMONYM
Iranian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Persian (61%)
Azeri (16%)
Kurd (10%)
Lur (6%)
Baloch (2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Persian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Kurdish
Luri
Balochi
Arabic
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (99.4%)
Christian (0.2%)
Zoroastrian/Jewish/Other (0.1%)
POPULATION
82,801,633
LARGEST CITY
Tehran (8,154,051)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Mashhad (2,749,374)
Isfahan (1,756,126)
Karaj (1,614,626)
Tabriz (1,484,988)
Shiraz (1,460,665)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Theocratic Republic
HEAD OF STATE
Supreme Leader Sayyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Hassan Rouhani
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
31 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1 April 1979 (Founding of Islamic Republic)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Soroud-e Melli-ye Jomhouri-ye Eslami-ye Iran
GDP PER CAPITA
$17,300 (USD)
CURRENCY
﷼ (Iranian Rial)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ﷼31,830
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ir
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+98

Making a “thumbs-up” gesture in Iran is considered rude and obscene.

When somebody offers you something, although you may want it, do not come across too eager to accept it. Politely decline two or three times first before accepting.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html (Majority of information)

http://bit.ly/2fl1C4h (Religious data)

https://www.amar.org.ir/english/Iran-Statistical-Yearbook (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 8 November 2016

1Iran’s census does not collect data on ethnicity. The numbers shown are estimates from older World Factbook information.