Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Iraq

Official English Name: Republic of Iraq

Official Local Name(s): جمهورية العـراق (Arabic), كۆماری عێراق (Kurdish)

Common English Name: Iraq

Capital: Baghdad

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Iran (East)
Turkey (North)
Syria (West)
Jordan (West)
Saudi Arabia (South)
Kuwait (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Persian Gulf (Southeast)
TOTAL AREA
438,317 km2 (99.8% land, 0.2% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,809 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
58 km
CLIMATE
Desert
Colder winters in mountains
TERRAIN
Broad plains
Marshes along Iranian border
Eastern and northern mountains
HIGHEST POINT
Cheeka Dar (3,611 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Phosphates
Sulfur
NATURAL DISASTERS
Floods
Dust storms
Sandstorms
DEMONYM
Iraqi
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Arab (74%)
Kurdish (21%)
Turkmen (2%)
Assyrian (2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
Kurdish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Turkmen
Assyrian
Armenian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Shi’a Muslim (62%)
Sunni Muslim (37%)
Christian (0.8%)
Unaffiliated (0.1%)
Hindu/Buddhist/Jewish (0.1%)
POPULATION
38,146,025
LARGEST CITY
Baghdad (6,150,000)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Mosul (1,450,000)
Basra (1,200,000)
Irbil (1,025,000)
Kirkuk (975,000)
Sulaymaniah (725,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary Democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Fuad Masum
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
18 Governorates
1 Region
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
3 October 1932 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Golden eagle
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Mawtini
GDP PER CAPITA
$15,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
ع.د (Iraqi Dinar)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ع.د1181.98
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.iq
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+964

Cuisine in Iraq is very similar to the Mesopotamian cuisine from 10,000 years ago.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html (Majority of information)

https://www.citypopulation.de/Iraq.html (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 8 November 2016