Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Israel

Official English Name: State of Israel

Official Local Name(s): מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew), دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic)

Common English Name: Israel

Capital: Jerusalem

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Egypt (West)
Lebanon (North)
Syria (Northeast)
Jordan (East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Mediterranean Sea (West)
TOTAL AREA
20,770 km2 (97.9% land, 2.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,086 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
273 km
CLIMATE
Temperate
TERRAIN
Desert in south
Low coastal plains
Central mountains
Eastern rift valley
HIGHEST POINT
Har Meron (1,208 m)
LOWEST POINT
Dead Sea (-408 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Timber
Potash
Copper ore
Natural gas
Phosphate rock
Magnesium bromide
Clays
Sand
NATURAL DISASTERS
Sandstorms
Droughts
Earthquakes
DEMONYM
Israeli
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Jewish (74.8%)
Israeli (75.6%)
European/American/Oceanian (16.6%)
African (4.9%)
Asian (2.9%)
Non-Jewish Arab (25.2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Hebrew
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Jewish (74.8%)
Muslim (17.6%)
Christian (2.0%)
Druze (1.6%)
POPULATION
8,174,527
LARGEST CITY
Jerusalem (865,721)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Tel Aviv (432,892)
Haifa (278,903)
Rishon LeZion (243,973)
Petah Tikva (230,984)
Ashdod (220,174)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Reuven Rivlin
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
6 Districts
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
14 May 1948 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Star of David
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Hatikvah
GDP PER CAPITA
$34,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
₪ (Shekel)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ₪3.80
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.il
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+972

Although Israel is a Jewish state, Arabic is an official language for the Arab minority.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/is.html (Majority of information)

http://www.cbs.gov.il/ishuvim/reshimalefishem.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 9 November 2016