Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Italy

Official English Name: Italian Republic

Official Local Name(s): Repubblica italiana

Common English Name: Italy

Capital: Rome

REGION
Southern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
France (West)
Switzerland (North)
Austria (Northeast)
Slovenia (Northeast)
Vatican City (Surrounding)
San Marino (Surrounding)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Adriatic Sea (East)
Ionian Sea (Southeast)
Mediterranean Sea (South and West)
TOTAL AREA
301,340 km2 (97.6% land, 2.4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,836 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
7,600 km
CLIMATE
Mediterranean
Alpine in far north
TERRAIN
Mostly rugged and mountainous
Some plains
Coastal lowlands
HIGHEST POINT
Mont Blanc de Courmayeur (4,748 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Mercury
Zinc
Potash
Marble
Barite
Asbestos
Pumice
Fluorspar
Feldspar
Pyrite (sulfur)
Natural gas
Crude oil
Fish
Arable land
NATURAL DISASTERS
Landslides
Mudflows
Avalanches
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity
Flooding
Land subsidence
DEMONYM
Italian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Italian (92.00%)
Romanian (1.81%)
Moroccan (0.86%)
Albanian (0.83%)
Chinese (0.53%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Italian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
German
French
Slovene
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Christian (83.3%)
Atheist (12.4%)
Muslim (3.7%)
Buddhist (0.2%)
Hindu (0.1%)
POPULATION
62,007,540
LARGEST CITY
Rome (2,864,731)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Milan (1,345,851)
Naples (974,074)
Turin (890,529)
Palermo (674,435)
Genoa (586,655)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Sergio Mattarella
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
15 Regions
5 Autonomous regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
17 March 1861 (Founding of the Kingdom of Italy)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Stella d’Italia
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Il Canto degli Italiani
GDP PER CAPITA
$35,800 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.91
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.it
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+39

Making a hand gesture that is similar to eating is actually considered very rude and offensive.

Warm hugs are a typical way of greeting.

Italians tend to stand closer, uncomfortably close for some people, when conversing with you, with very direct eye contact and frequent interruptions.

Culture is a popular conversation topic.

Dining can take hours, and although punctuality is not a must, it still looks good to be on time.

Do not reciprocate with a gift unless one is given to you first. Avoid giving gifts with company logos.

Relationships are very important, even in business.

When presenting in a professional setting, make sure all presentations and handouts are visually appealing.

There tends to be respect with age and power.

Expressing disagreements is common in order to create constructive conflict.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/it.html (Majority of information)

http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/149003 (Ethnic data)

http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/129854 (Ethnic data)

http://www.pewforum.org/files/2014/01/global-religion-full.pdf (Religious data)

http://www.istat.it/en/archive/dataset (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 9 November 2016