Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Japan

Official Local Name(s): 日本国

Common English Name: Japan

Capital: Tokyo

REGION
Eastern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Sea of Japan/Eastern Sea (Northwest)
Pacific Ocean (East)
TOTAL AREA
377,915 km2 (96.4% land, 3.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
0 km (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
29,751 km
CLIMATE
Tropical in south
Cool temperate in north
TERRAIN
Mostly rugged and mountainous
HIGHEST POINT
Fujiyama (3,776 m)
LOWEST POINT
Hachiro-Gata (-4 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Fish
NATURAL DISASTERS
Volcanic activity
Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Typhoons
DEMONYM
Japanese
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Japanese (98.33%)
Chinese (0.51%)
Korean (0.39%)
Filipino (0.17%)
Vietnamese (0.07%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Japanese
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Shintoism and/or Buddhism (91.4%)
Other Religions (7.1%)
Christianity (1.5%)
POPULATION
126,702,133
LARGEST CITY
Tokyo (8,336,599)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Yokohama (3,574,443)
Osaka (2,592,413)
Nagoya (2,191,279)
Sapporo (1,883,027)
Kobe (1,528,478)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
Emperor Akihito
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
47 Prefectures
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
3 May 1947 (Adoption of current constitution)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Red sun disk
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Kimigayo
GDP PER CAPITA
$38,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
¥ (Yen)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ¥104.70
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.jp
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+81

Do not shake hands when you greet; instead bow with your palms on your thighs.

People are judged mostly by their behavior during non-business hours, even in the business world.

Drinking is a group activity, with toasting being very important. Do not refuse drinks. If you do not want anymore, keep your glass half full.

It is acceptable to slurp noodles.

When doing business in a meeting or a business room, wait for the person who called the meeting to give instructions to sit down before taking your seat.

Receive and present gifts and business cards alike with both hands. Receive with a bow. Do not give gifts if you don’t have something for everybody in the situation.

Business cards are extremely important to the Japanese. When you receive it, hold eye contact, and do not write anything on it.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html (Majority of information)

http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/pdf/yhyou02.pdf (Ethnic data)

http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/japan-population/cities/ (Tokyo population)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 9 November 2016

1 Japan does not collect ethnic data, this information is by nationality. Due to Japan’s homogenous population structure, this is quite accurate in terms of describing ethnicity.