Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Kazakhstan

Official English Name: Republic of Kazakhstan

Official Local Name(s): Қазақстан Республикасы (Kazakh), Республика Казахстан (Russian)

Common English Name: Kazakhstan

Capital: Astana

REGION
Central Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Russia (North)
China (East)
Kyrgyzstan (Southeast)
Uzbekistan (South)
Turkmenistan (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Aral Sea (South)
Caspian Sea (Southwest)
TOTAL AREA
2,724,900 km2 (99.1% land, 0.9% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
12,185 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,964 km
CLIMATE
Arid to semiarid
Continental
TERRAIN
Vast flat steppe in the west
Mountains in the east
Plains in the north
Deserts in the south
HIGHEST POINT
Khan Tangiri Shyng (6,995 m)
LOWEST POINT
Vpadina Kaundy (-132 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Coal
Iron ore
Manganese
Chrome ore
Nickel
Cobalt
Copper
Molybdenum
Lead
Zinc
Bauxite
Gold
Uranium
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Mudslides
DEMONYM
Kazakhstani
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Kazakh (65.5%)
Russian (21.5%)
Uzbek (3.0%)
Ukrainian (1.8%)
Uighur (1.4%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Kazakh
Russian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (70.2%)
Christian (26.2%)
Atheist (2.8%)
POPULATION
18,360,353
LARGEST CITY
Almaty (1,703,481)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Shymkent (885,799)
Astana (872,655)
Qaragandy (497,825)
Aqtobe (397,572)
Taraz (362,993)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic (Authoritarian presidential rule)
HEAD OF STATE
President Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
14 Provinces
3 Cities
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Golden eagle
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Menin Qazaqstanim
GDP PER CAPITA
$25,900 (USD)
CURRENCY
₸ (Tenge)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ₸338.66
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.kz
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+7

Kazakh cuisine tends to revolve around dairy products, lamb, and horse meat.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html (Majority of information)

https://web.archive.org/web/20100628101359/http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Pages/n_04_02_10.aspx (Ethnic data)

http://bit.ly/2fGnztR (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 10 November 2016