Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Kyrgyzstan

Official English Name: Kyrgyz Republic

Official Local Name(s): Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz), Кыргызская Республика (Russian)

Common English Name: Kyrgyzstan

Capital: Bishkek

REGION
Central Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Kazakhstan (North)
China (Southeast)
Tajikistan (South)
Uzbekistan (West)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
199,951 km2 (95.9% land, 4.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,051 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Mostly dry continental
Polar in southeast
Tropical in southwest
Temperate in north
TERRAIN
Mountains
Valleys
Basins
HIGHEST POINT
Jengish Chokusu (7,439 m)
LOWEST POINT
Kara-Daryya (132 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Hydropower
Gold
Rare earth metals
Coal
Oil
Natural gas
Nepheline
Mercury
Bismuth
Lead
Zinc
DEMONYM
Kyrgyzstani
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Kyrgyz (72.3%)
Uzbek (14.4%)
Russian (6.6%)
Dungan (1.1%)
Uighur (0.9%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Kyrgyz
Russian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Uzbek
Dungun
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (75%)
Russian Orthodox (20%)
POPULATION
5,727,553
LARGEST CITY
Bishkek (944,300)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Osh (248,100)
Jalal-Abad (101,900)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Almazbek Atambaev
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Sooronbay Jeenbekov
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
7 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
31 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Gyrfalcon
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni
GDP PER CAPITA
$3,400 (USD)
CURRENCY
лв (Kyrgyz Som)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = лв68.83
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.kg
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+996

Horse riding is an integral part of Kyrgyz culture.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kg.html (Majority of information)

https://web.archive.org/web/20131113151445/http://www.stat.kg/stat.files/din.files/census/5010003.pdf (Ethnic group data)

http://stat.kg/en/statistics/naselenie/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016