Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Latvia

Official English Name: Republic of Latvia

Official Local Name(s): Latvijas Republika

Common English Name: Latvia

Capital: Riga

REGION
Eastern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Russia (East)
Estonia (North)
Belarus (Southeast)
Lithuania (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Baltic Sea (West)
TOTAL AREA
64,589 km2 (96.4% land, 3.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,382 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
489 km
CLIMATE
Maritime
TERRAIN
Low plain
HIGHEST POINT
Gaizina Kalns (312 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Peat
Limestone
Dolomite
Amber
Hydropower
Timber
Arable land
DEMONYM
Latvian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Latvian (61.61%)
Russian (25.80%)
Belarusian (3.39%)
Ukrainian (2.25%)
Polish (2.14%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Latvian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Russian
Polish
Ukrainian
Belarusian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Atheist (50.00%)
Lutheran (12.76%)
Roman Catholic (10.98%)
Baptist (4.27%)
Orthodox (3.07%)
POPULATION
1,965,686
LARGEST CITY
Riga (658,640)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Raimonds Vējonis
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Māris Kučinskis
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
110 Municipalities
9 Cities
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
4 May 1990 (from Soviet Union)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
White wagtail
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Dievs, sveti Latviju!
GDP PER CAPITA
$24,700 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.92
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.lv
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+371

Latvians have a rich history of folklore.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lg.html (Majority of information)

http://www.csb.gov.lv/sites/default/files/nr_11_demografija_2015_15_00_lv_en_0.pdf (Ethnic data)

http://bit.ly/2eL5bPE (Religious data)

http://bit.ly/2fJiKA0 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016