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Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Lebanon

Official English Name: Lebanese Republic

Official Local Name(s): الجمهورية اللبنانية

Common English Name: Lebanon

Capital: Beirut

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Syria (East)
Israel (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Mediterranean Sea (West)
TOTAL AREA
10,400 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
454 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
225 km
CLIMATE
Mediterranean
TERRAIN
Narrow coastal plain
Valley in between mountains
HIGHEST POINT
Qornet es Saouda (3,088 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Limestone
Iron ore
Salt
Water surplus
Arable land
NATURAL DISASTERS
Dust storms
Sandstorms
DEMONYM
Lebanese
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Arab (95%)
Armenian (4%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
French
English
Armenian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (65.47%)2
Christian (34.35%)
POPULATION
6,237,738
LARGEST CITY
Beirut (1,916,100)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Ra’s Bayrut (1,251,739)
Tripoli (229,398)
Sidon (163,554)
Tyre (135,204)
Nabatiye et Tahta (120,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Michel Aoun
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Tammam Salam
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
6 Governorates
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
22 November 1943 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Cedar Tree
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Kulluna lil-watan
GDP PER CAPITA
$18,300 (USD)
CURRENCY
£ (Lebanese Pound)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = £1509.80
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.lb
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+961

Society in Lebanon is much more liberal and accepting than the other countries in the region, especially with regards to issues such as women’s rights, homosexuality, etc.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html (Majority of information)

http://www.csb.gov.lv/sites/default/files/nr_11_demografija_2015_15_00_lv_en_0.pdf (Ethnic data)

http://www.lstatic.org/PDF/demographenglish.pdf (Religious data)

http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/lebanon-population/cities/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016

1This ethnic data is outdated. More recent data is difficult to find.

2The Druze Islamic sect is difficult to find accurate data on. However, it is estimated that as of 2009, 6-8% of Lebanon’s population is Druze.