Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Lesotho

Official English Name: Kingdom of Lesotho

Official Local Name(s): ‘Muso oa Lesotho

Common English Name: Lesotho

Capital: Maseru

REGION
Southern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
South Africa (Surrounded)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
30, prostate 355 km2 (100% land, buy 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
909 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Temperate
TERRAIN
Highland
Plateaus
Hills
Mountains
HIGHEST POINT
Thabana Ntlenyana (3,482 m)
LOWEST POINT
Junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers (1,400 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Water
Agricultural land
Grazing land
Diamonds
Sand
Clay
Building stone
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
DEMONYM
Basotho
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Sotho (99.7%)
Other (0.3%)1
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Sesotho
English
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Zulu
Xhosa
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Christian (80%)
Indigenous beliefs (20%)
POPULATION
1,953,070
LARGEST CITY
Maseru (178,345)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
King Letsie III
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
10 Districts
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
4 October 1966 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Basotho hat
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Lesotho fatse la bo ntat’a rona
GDP PER CAPITA
$3,000 (USD)
CURRENCY
LSL (Maloti)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = LSL 14.35
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ls
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+266

Basotho blankets comprise the main style of clothing, made primarily out of wool.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lt.html (Majority of information)

http://www.bos.gov.ls/nada/index.php/catalog/6 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016

1The other minor ethnic groups found in Lesotho include Europeans and Asians.