Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Lithuania

Official English Name: Republic of Lithuania

Official Local Name(s): Lietuvos Respublika

Common English Name: Lithuania

Capital: Vilnius

REGION
Eastern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Latvia (North)
Russia (West)
Poland (Southwest)
Belarus (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Baltic Sea (West)
TOTAL AREA
65,300 km2 (96.0% land, 4.0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,574 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
90 km
CLIMATE
Transitional
TERRAIN
Lowlands
Many lakes
HIGHEST POINT
Aukstojas (294 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Peat
Arable land
Amber
DEMONYM
Lithuanian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Lithuanian (84.2%)
Polish (6.6%)
Russian (5.8%)
Belarusian (1.2%)
Ukrainian (0.5%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Lithuanian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Polish
Russian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (77.2%)
Atheist (6.1%)
Russian Orthodox (4.1%)
Old Believer (0.8%)
Evangelical Lutheran (0.6%)
POPULATION
2,854,235
LARGEST CITY
Vilnius (532,762)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Kaunas (297,846)
Klaipeda (154,326)
Siauliai (102,981)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary Democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Dalia Grybauskaite
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Algirdas Butkevicius
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
60 Municipalities
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Vytis
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Tautiska giesme
GDP PER CAPITA
$28,400 (USD)
CURRENCY
Lt (Litas)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = 3.18 Lt
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.lt
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+370

Out of all the Baltic states, Lithuania is the most homogeneous.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lh.html (Majority of information)

http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/sng_nac_89.php (Ethnic data)

http://bit.ly/2fJcFHI (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016