Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Luxembourg

Official English Name: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Official Local Name(s): Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish), treat Großherzogtum Luxemburg (German), more about Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (French)

Common English Name: Luxembourg

Capital: Luxembourg

REGION
Western Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Germany (East)
Belgium (West)
France (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Island)
TOTAL AREA
2,586 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
359 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Modified continental
Cool summers
Mild winters
TERRAIN
Rolling highlands
Valleys
Slightly mountainous in the north
Flood plain in the southeast
HIGHEST POINT
Buurgplatz (559 m)
LOWEST POINT
Moselle River (133 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Iron ore
Arable
DEMONYM
Luxembourger
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Luxembourger (53.28%)
Portuguese (16.16%)
French (7.24%)
Italian (3.52%)
Belgian (3.37%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Luxembourgish
French
German
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Portuguese
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (67%)
Agnostic (14%)
Atheist (6%)
Protestant (3%)
Muslim (3%)
POPULATION
582,291
LARGEST CITY
Luxembourg (115,227)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
Grand Duke Henri
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Xavier Bettel
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
12 Cantons
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1839 (from the Netherlands)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Ons Heemecht
GDP PER CAPITA
$99,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.92
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.lu
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+352

Football and cricket are the two most popular sports in Luxembourg.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lu.html (Majority of information)

http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/sng_nac_89.php (Ethnic data)

http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_393_en.pdf (Religious data)

http://www.statistiques.public.lu/stat/TableViewer/tableView.aspx (City population data)

http://bit.ly/2fJcFHI (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016