Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Macedonia

Official English Name: Republic of Macedonia

Official Local Name(s): Република Македонија

Common English Name: Macedonia

Capital: Skopje

REGION
Southeastern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Kosovo (North)
Serbia (North)
Bulgaria (East)
Greece (South)
Albania (West)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
25,713 km2 (98.9% land, 1.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
766 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Warm and dry summers and autumns
Cold winters
Heavy snowfall
TERRAIN
Mountainous
Deep basins
Valleys
Three large lakes
HIGHEST POINT
Golem Korab (2,764 m)
LOWEST POINT
Vardar River (50 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Low-grade iron ore
Copper
Lead
Zinc
Chromite
Manganese
Nickel
Tungsten
Gold
Silver
Asbestos
Gypsum
Timber
Arable land
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
DEMONYM
Macedonia
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Macedonian (64.2%)
Albanian (25.2%)
Turkish (3.9%)
Roma (2.7%)
Serb (1.8%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Macedonian
Albanian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Turkish
Roma
Serbian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS1
Macedonian Orthodox (64.7%)
Muslim (33.3%)
POPULATION
2,100,025
LARGEST CITY
Skopje (502,700)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republican Parliamentary Democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Gjorge Ivanov
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Emil Dimitriev
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
71 Municipalities
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
8 September 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Eight-rayed sun
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Denes Nad Makedonija
GDP PER CAPITA
$14,000 (USD)
CURRENCY
ден (Macedonian Denar)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ден56.76
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.mk
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+389

Architecture, poetry, and music all have a rich heritage in Macedonia.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mk.html (Majority of information)

http://makstat.stat.gov.mk/PXWeb/pxweb/en/MakStat/?rxid=46ee0f64-2992-4b45-a2d9-cb4e5f7ec5ef (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 12 November 2016

1Ethnic and religious data is available only from 2002. The most recent census in 2011 was sabotaged due to ethnic clashes so it had unreliable data.