Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Madagascar

Official English Name: Republic of Madagascar

Official Local Name(s): République de Madagascar (French), Repoblikan’i Madagasikara (Malagasy)

Common English Name: Madagascar

Capital: Antananarivo

REGION
Southern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Indian Ocean (Surrounded)
TOTAL AREA
587,041 km2 (99.1% land, 0.9% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
0 km (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
4,828 km
CLIMATE
Tropical along coast
Temperate inland
Arid in the south
TERRAIN
Narrow coastal plain
High plateau
Mountains in the center
HIGHEST POINT
Maromokotro (2,876 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Graphite
Chromite
Coal
Bauxite
Rare earth elements
Salt
Quartz
Tar sands
Semiprecious stones
Mica
Fish
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Cyclones
Droughts
Locust plagues
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Malagasy
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Malayo-Indonesian
Cotiers
French
Indian
Comoran
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
French
Malagasy
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Indigenous beliefs (52%)
Christian (41%)
Muslim (7%)
POPULATION
24,430,325
LARGEST CITY
Antananarivo (1,334,300)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Toamasina (282,100)
Antsirabe (244,900)
Mahajanga (226,600)
Fianarantsoa (195,500)
Toliary (161,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Hery Rajaonarimampianina
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
6 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
26 June 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Zebu
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Ry Tanindraza nay malala o
GDP PER CAPITA
$1,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
Ariary
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = 3231.91ariary
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.mg
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+261

Moraingy is a traditional martial art of Madagascar.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mg.html (Majority of information)

http://instat.mg/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 12 November 2016

1No data on ethnicity is available. Madgascar attempted to carry out a census in 2011 but it failed.