Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Mali

Official English Name: Republic of Mali

Official Local Name(s): République de Mali

Common English Name: Mali

Capital: Bamako

REGION
Western Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Mauritania (West)
Algeria (Northeast)
Niger (East)
Burkina Faso (Southeast)
Côte d’Ivoire (South)
Guinea (Southwest)
Senegal (West)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
1,240,192 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
7,243 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Subtropical to arid
TERRAIN
Flat to rolling northern plains covered by sands
Savanna in the south
Rugged hills in the northeast
HIGHEST POINT
Hombori Tondo (1,155 m)
LOWEST POINT
Senegal River (23 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Gold
Phosphates
Kaolin
Salt
Limestone
Uranium
Gypsum
Granite
Hydropower
Bauxite
Iron ore
Manganese
Tin
Copper
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Flooding
Harmattan haze
DEMONYM
Malian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Bambara (34.1%)
Fulani (14.7%)
Sarakole (10.8%)
Senufo (10.5%)
Dogon (8.9%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
French
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Bambara
Peul
Dogon
Maraka
Malinke
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (87.5%)
Indigenous/Animist (9.0%)
Christian (2.7%)
Atheist (0.2%)
POPULATION
17,467,108
LARGEST CITY
Bamako (1,810,366)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Sikasso (425,016)
Kayes (277,955)
Ségou (200,468)
Mopti (199,498)
Kablankoro (132,478)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Modibo Keita
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
8 Regions
1 District
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
22 September 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Great Mosque of Djenne
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Le Mali
GDP PER CAPITA
$2,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
CFA (West African Franc)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = CFA604.71
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ml
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+223

Rice and millet are the staples of Malian cuisine.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/ML (Religious data)

http://www.instat-mali.org/contenu/pub/anuair14_pub.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 12 November 2016