Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Mauritania

Official English Name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Official Local Name(s): الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية

Common English Name: Mauritania

Capital: Nouakchott

REGION
Western Africa (Maghreb)
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Morocco (Northwest)
Algeria (Northeast)
Mali (East and South)
Senegal (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
1,030,700 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
5,074 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
754 km
CLIMATE
Desert
TERRAIN
Barren, flat desert plains
Some central hills
HIGHEST POINT
Kediet Ijill (915 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha (-5 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Iron ore
Gypsum
Copper
Phosphate
Diamonds
Gold
Oil
Fish
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Dusty winds
DEMONYM
Mauritanian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Black Moors (40%)
White Moors (30%)
Black African (30%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Pulaar
Soninke
Wolof
French
Hassaniya
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (100%)
POPULATION
3,677,293
LARGEST CITY
Nouakchott (958,399)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Nouadhibou (118,167)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Presidential republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Yahya Ould Hademine
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
13 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
28 November 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Star and crescent
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Hymne National de la République Islamique de Mauritanie
GDP PER CAPITA
$4,300 (USD)
CURRENCY
UM (Ouguiya)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = UM358.96
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.mr
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+222

Cuisine overlaps with those of Morocco in the north and Senegal in the south.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mr.html (Majority of information)

http://www.ons.mr/images/Archive/doc/publication/2014/Annuaire_16-9-15.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 13 November 2016