Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Mexico

Official English Name: United Mexican States

Official Local Name(s): Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Common English Name: Mexico

Capital: Mexico City

REGION
Southern North America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
United States of America (North)
Belize (Southeast)
Guatemala (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (West)
Gulf of Mexico (East)
TOTAL AREA
1,964,375 km2 (99.0% land, 1.0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
4,353 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
9,330 km
CLIMATE
Tropical in south
Desert in north
TERRAIN
High, rugged mountains
Low coastal plains
High plateaus
Desert
HIGHEST POINT
Volcan Pico de Orizaba (5,700 m)
LOWEST POINT
Laguna Salada (-10 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Silver
Copper
Gold
Lead
Zinc
Natural gas
Timber
NATURAL DISASTERS
Tsunamis
Volcanic activity
Earthquakes
Hurricanes
DEMONYM
Mexican
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Mestizo (62%)
Amerindian (28%)
European (10%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Mayan
Nahuatl
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (82.7%)
Other Evangelical (5.0%)
Atheist (4.7%)
Pentecostal (1.6%)
Jehovah’s Witness (1.4%)
POPULATION
123,166,749
LARGEST CITY
Mexico City (8,851,080)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Ecatepec (1,655,015)
Guadalajara (1,495,182)
Puebla (1,434,062)
Juárez (1,321,004)
Tijuana (1,300,983)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Enrique Peña Nieto
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
31 States
1 Federal district
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
16 September 1810 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Golden eagle
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional Mexicano
GDP PER CAPITA
$18,400 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Mexican Peso)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $20.84 (MXN)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.mx
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+52

Mexican cuisine is a blend of indigenous and European cuisines.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html (Majority of information)

http://www.inegi.org.mx/est/contenidos/proyectos/ccpv/cpv2010/default.aspx (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 13 November 2016

1Mexico does not collect data on ethnicity. These numbers are estimates.