Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Mongolia

Common English Name: Mongolia

Capital: Ulaanbaatar

REGION
Northern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
China (South)
Russia (North)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
1,564,116 km2 (99.3% land, 0.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
8,220 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Desert continental
TERRAIN
Vast semidesert
Desert plains
Grassy steppe
Mountains in west and southwest
Major desert in south-central
HIGHEST POINT
Nayramadlin Orgil (4,374 m)
LOWEST POINT
Hoh Nuur (560 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Oil
Coal
Copper
Molybdenum
Tungsten
Phosphates
Tin
Nickel
Zinc
Fluorspar
Gold
Silver
Iron
NATURAL DISASTERS
Dust storms
Forest fires
Droughts
Harsh winter conditions
DEMONYM
Mongolian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Khalkh (81.9%)
Kazakh (3.8%)
Dorvod (2.7%)
Bayad (2.1%)
Buryat-Bouriates (1.7%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Khalkha Mongol
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Russian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Buddhist (53.0%)
Atheist (38.6%)
Muslim (3.0%)
Shamainst (2.9%)
Christian (2.2%)
POPULATION
3,115,930
LARGEST CITY
Ulaanbaatar (1,092,997)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Darkhan (180,738)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Parliamentary
HEAD OF STATE
President Tsakhia Elbegdorj
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
21 Provinces
1 Municipality
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
11 July 1921 (from China)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Soyombo emblem
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Mongol ulsyn toriin duulal
GDP PER CAPITA
$12,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
₮ (Tögrög)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ₮2474.97
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.mn
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+976

Nomadic ways of life are still prevalent.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mn.html (Majority of information)

http://www.en.nso.mn/index.php (Country population data)

http://catalog.ihsn.org/index.php/catalog/4572 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 14 November 2016