Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Mozambique

Official English Name: Republic of Mozambique

Official Local Name(s): República de Moçambique

Common English Name: Mozambique

Capital: Maputo

REGION
Southeastern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Tanzania (North)
Malawi (West)
Zambia (Northwest)
Zimbabwe (West)
South Africa (Southwest)
Swaziland (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Indian Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
799,380 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
4,571 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,470 km
CLIMATE
Tropical to subtropical
TERRAIN
Coastal lowlands
Uplands in the center
High plateaus in the northwest
Mountains in the west
HIGHEST POINT
Monte Binga (2,436 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Titanium
Natural gas
Hydropower
Tantalum
Graphite
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Cyclones
Flooding
DEMONYM
Mozambican
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Makhuwa (14.4%)
Tsonga (13.8%)
Lomwe (8.2%)
Portuguese (7.8%)
Sena (6.9%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Portuguese
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Emakhuwa
Xichangana
Cisena
Elomwe
Echuwabo
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Christian (51.2%)
Indigenous (28.3%)
Muslim (16.8%)
Atheist (3.4%)
Hindu (0.2%)
POPULATION
26,423,623
LARGEST CITY
Maputo (1,257,500)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Matola (962,100)
Nampula (638,500)
Beira (462,200)
Chimoio (324,800)
Nacala (245,900)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Filipe Jacinto Nyusi
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
10 Provinces
1 City
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
25 June 1975 (from Portugal)
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Patria Amada
GDP PER CAPITA
$1,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
MT (Metical)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = MT76.26
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.mz
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+258

Languages in Mozambique are generally derived from the Bantu family.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mz.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/MZ (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.ine.gov.mz/ (Country population data)

http://www.ine.gov.mz/estatisticas/estatisticas-demograficas-e-indicadores-sociais/projeccoes-da-populacao (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 14 November 2016

1The ethnic groups listed have small percentages due to the large number of different people groups contained within Mozambique’s border. Other African groups are mostly Bantu-linguistic groups such as Nyanja, Makua, Chopi, Tswa, and Chwabo. There is also a noticable Asian population, particularly from India and China.