Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Nepal

Official English Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Official Local Name(s): सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल

Common English Name: Nepal

Capital: Kathmandu

REGION
Southern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
China (North)
India (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
147,181 km2 (97.4% land, 2.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
2,926 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Cool summers and severe winters in north
Subtropical summers and mild winters in south
TERRAIN
Flat river plain in the south
Central hill region
Mountains in the north
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Everest (8,850 m)
LOWEST POINT
Kanchan Kalan (70 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Quartz
Water
Timber
Hydropower
Small deposits of lignite
Copper
Cobalt
Iron ore
NATURAL DISASTERS
Severe thunderstorms
Flooding
Landslides
Droughts
DEMONYM
Nepali
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Chhettri (16.6%)
Brahman-Hill (12.2%)
Magar (7.1%)
Tharu (6.6%)
Tamang (5.8%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Nepali
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Maithali
Bhojpuri
Tharu
Tamang
Newar
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Hindu (81.3%)
Buddhist (9%)
Muslim (4.4%)
Kirant (3.1%)
Christian (1.4%)
POPULATION
29,033,914
LARGEST CITY
Kathmandu (975,453)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Pokhara (255,465)
Lalitpur (220,802)
Biratnagar (201,125)
Bharatpur (143,836)
Dharan (108,600)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal democratic republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Bidhya Devi Bandari
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
14 Zones
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1768 (Unification)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Rhododendron blossom
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka
GDP PER CAPITA
$2,400 (USD)
CURRENCY
रू(Nepalese Rupee)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = रू108.55
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.np
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+977

Folklore is an integral part of Nepalese society.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html (Majority of information)

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/wphc/Nepal/Nepal-Census-2011-Vol1.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 16 November 2016