Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Netherlands

Official English Name: Kingdom of the Netherlands

Official Local Name(s): Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

Common English Name: Netherlands

Capital: Amsterdam

Note: Although Amsterdam is the capital, the seat of government is located in Den Haag. The information on this page refers to the mainland Netherlands.

REGION
Western Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Germany (East)
Belgium (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
North Sea (West)
TOTAL AREA
41,543 km2 (81.6% land, 18.4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,027 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
451 km
CLIMATE
Temperate marine
TERRAIN
Coastal lowlands
Reclaimed land
Southeastern hills
HIGHEST POINT
Vaalserberg (322 m)
LOWEST POINT
Zuidplaspolder (-7 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural gas
Petroleum
Peat
Limestone
Salt
Sand
Gravel
Arable land
NATURAL DISASTERS
Flooding
DEMONYM
Dutch
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Dutch (77.90%)
Turkish (2.34%)
Moroccan (2.27%)
Indonesian (2.16%)
German (2.12%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Dutch
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Frisian
Low Saxon
Limburgish
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Atheist (67.8%)
Roman Catholic (11.7%)
Protestant (8.6%)
Muslim (5.8%)
Other Christian (4.2%)
POPULATION
17,016,967
LARGEST CITY
Amsterdam (844,667)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Rotterdam (623,652)
‘s-Gravenhage (514,861)
Utrecht (334,176)
Eindhoven (223,209)
Tilburg (211,468)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional Monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
King Willem-Alexander
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Mark Rutte
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
12 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
23 January 1579 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Het Wilhelmus
GDP PER CAPITA
$49,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.93
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
nl
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+31

Humor in the Netherlands tends to be very politically incorrect and edgy by most standards. Although these jokes may offend you, they are not usually meant in a malicious way, as the Dutch are some of the most tolerant people in the world.

Straightforward attitudes prevail in the Netherlands as the Dutch do not hold anything back when communicating.

Dutch society is very open and informal; topics that would normally be considered off-limits or risqué in daily conversation are acceptable among the Dutch.

Addressing elders by their first names is allowed in informal situations.

During birthdays, when the family comes over and brings presents, everybody sits in a circle to open the presents.

Bicycles are the most common form of transportation in the Netherlands.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html (Majority of information)

http://bit.ly/1PnWWaE (Ethnic data)

http://statline.cbs.nl/ (City population data)

http://bit.ly/2giHKTZ (Religious data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 16 November 2016