Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Nicaragua

Official English Name: Republic of Nicaragua

Official Local Name(s): República de Nicaragua

Common English Name: Nicaragua

Capital: Managua

REGION
Central America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Honduras (North)
Costa Rica (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Caribbean Sea (East)
Pacific Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
130,370 km2 (92.0% land, 8.0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,231 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
910 km
CLIMATE
Tropical in lowlands
Cooler in highlands
TERRAIN
Eastern coastal plains
Interior mountains
Western coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes
HIGHEST POINT
Mogotón (2,438 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Gold
Silver
Copper
Tungsten
Lead
Zinc
Timber
Fish
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity
Landslides
Hurricanes
DEMONYM
Nicaraguan
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Mestizo (88.5%)
Black (4.6%)
Miskito (3.4%)
Amerindian (0.9%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Miskito
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (67.0%)
Protestant (17.5%)
Other Christian (11.6%)
Atheist (2.2%)
Indigenous (1.7%)
POPULATION
5,966,798
LARGEST CITY
Managua (1,030,926)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Léon (168,361)
Tipitapa (124,540)
Masaya (123,749)
Chinandega (110,719)
Ciudad Sandino (107,390)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Daniel Ortega
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
15 Departments
2 Autonomous regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
15 September 1821 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Turquoise-browed motmot
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Salve a ti, Nicaragua
GDP PER CAPITA
$5,000 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Córdoba)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $29.17 (NIO)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ni
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+505

Legends are a common theme in Nicaraguan folklore.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nu.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/NU (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.inide.gob.ni/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 November 2016