Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Niger

Official English Name: Republic of Niger

Official Local Name(s): République du Niger

Common English Name: Niger

Capital: Niamey

REGION
Western Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Algeria (North)
Libya (Northeast)
Chad (East)
Nigeria (South)
Benin (Southwest)
Burkina Faso (Southwest)
Mali (West)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
1,267,000 km2 (99.9% land, 0.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
5,697 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Desert
Tropical in southernmost part
TERRAIN
Desert plains
Sand dunes
Rolling plains
Hills in the north
HIGHEST POINT
Idoukal-n-Taghes (2,022 m)
LOWEST POINT
Niger River (200 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Uranium
Coal
Iron ore
Tin
Phosphates
Gold
Molybdenum
Gypsum
Salt
Petroleum
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
DEMONYM
Nigerien
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Haoussa (51.1%)
Zarma (17.0%)
Tuareg (9.5%)
Fulani (8.1%)
Songhai (5.1%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
French
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Hausa
Zarma
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (94.3%)
Indigenous (5.0%)
Christian (0.6%)
POPULATION
18,638,600
LARGEST CITY
Niamey (978,029)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Maradi (267,249)
Zinder (235,605)
Tahoua (117,826)
Agadez (110,497)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Mahamadou Issoufou
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Brigi Rafini
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
8 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
3 August 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Zebu
NATIONAL ANTHEM
La Nigerienne
GDP PER CAPITA
$1,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
CFA (West African CFA Franc)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = CFA617.23
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ne
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+227

Cure Salée is a festival marked by the end of the rainy season where the Tuareg and Wodaabe people come together and celebrate.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ng.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/NG (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.devinfo.org/nigerinfo/libraries/aspx/Home.aspx (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 November 2016