Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Oman

Official English Name: Sultanate of Oman

Official Local Name(s): سلطنة عُمان

Common English Name: Oman

Capital: Muscat

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
United Arab Emirates (Northwest)
Saudi Arabia (West)
Yemen (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Arabian Sea (East)
Gulf of Oman (North)
TOTAL AREA
309,500 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,573 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,092 km
CLIMATE
Dry desert
Humid coastline
TERRAIN
Central desert plain
Rugged mountains in the north and south
HIGHEST POINT
Jabal-Shams (2,980 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Copper
Asbestos
Marble
Limestone
Chromium
Gypsum
Natural gas
NATURAL DISASTERS
Sandstorms
Dust storms
Droughts
DEMONYM
Omani
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Omani (54.10%)
Expatriates (45.90%)1
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
Baluchi
Urdu
Hindi
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (85.9%)
Christian (6.5%)
Hindu (5.5%)
Buddhist (0.8%)
Atheist (0.2%)
POPULATION
4,546,183
LARGEST CITY
Bawshar (387,000)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Seeb (340,000)
Salalah (280,000)
Matrah (233,426)
Sohar (193,000)
Muscat (125,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Monarchy
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
Sultan Qaboos bin Said
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
11 Governorates
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1650 (from Portugal)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Khanjar dagger superimposed on two crossed swords
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani
GDP PER CAPITA
$44,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
ر.ع. (Omani Rial)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ر.ع.0.38
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.om
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+968

Because Oman is a primarily seafaring nation, an important symbol is the dhow.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mu.html (Majority of information)

https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Pages/NCSI.aspx (National population and ethnic data)

http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=OMAN (Muscat population data)

http://www.data.gov.om/en/LandingPage/Topic/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 November 2016

1Ethnic data by nationality/background is unavailable or uneasily accessible. Among the expatriate population are South Asians, Baluchis, other Arabs, and Africans.