Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Pakistan

Official English Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Official Local Name(s): اسلامی جمہوریہ پاكستان

Common English Name: Pakistan

Capital: Islamabad

REGION
Southern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
India (East)
China (Northeast)
Afghanistan (West)
Iran (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Arabian Sea (South)
TOTAL AREA
796,095 km2 (96.8% land, 3.2% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
6,774 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
1,046 km
CLIMATE
Mostly hot dry desert
Temperate conditions in the northwest
Arctic in the north
TERRAIN
Flat plains in the east
Plateau in the west
Mountains toward the north and northwest
HIGHEST POINT
K2 (8,611 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Land
Natural gas
Petroleum
Coal
Iron ore
Copper
Salt
Limestone
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Flooding
DEMONYM
Pakistani
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Punjabi (44.68%)
Pashtun (15.42%)
Sindhi (14.10%)
Sariaki (8.38%)
Muhajirs (7.57%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Urdu
English
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Punjabi
Sindhi
Sariaki
Pashto
Balochi
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (96.50%)
Hindu (1.60%)
Christian (1.59%)
Tribal (0.25%)
POPULATION
201,995,540
LARGEST CITY
Karachi (11,624,219)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Lahore (6,310,888)
Faisalabad (2,506,595)
Rawalpindi (1,743,101)
Multan (1,437,230)
Hyderabad (1,386,330)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Federal republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Mamnoon Hussain
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
4 Provinces
1 Territory
1 Capital territory
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
14 August 1947 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Star and crescent
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Qaumi Tarana
GDP PER CAPITA
$5,000 (USD)
CURRENCY
Rs (Pakistani Rupee)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = Rs 104.83
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.pk
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+92

The national dress of Pakistan is the salwar kameez.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html (Majority of information)

http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/POPULATION%20BY%20RELIGION.pdf (Religious data)

http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/pakistan-population/cities/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 November 2016